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Internet of Things in public transport system

Internet of Things in public transport system

Public transport is often a real indicator of how smart a city can be, so it is something that can change the perspective one has of a country and its inhabitants. Public transport that works is very important, also because it allows everyone to enjoy the place in an innovative way while also saving some money. In many places, it is really surprising how smart public transport can be organized.

Today, thanks to the improvements in technology and the help of the IoT, waiting times for the arrival of a bus can be predicted with great precision, even establishing the minute the bus will be at the stop. Thanks to dedicated apps, because of this it is possible to have all this information directly on the mobile. With the IoT devices, it is easy to trace a vehicle, a carrier, a train, and know exactly where it is at a given time.

A new era of Public Transport

The Internet of things (IoT) has played an important role in the transport industry and is widely used, from temperature control to predictive downtime to reducing vehicle puncture risk. Think of the subways or trains: if a track is not perfectly in place and something is not working as it should, with the help of smart sensors it is possible to identify the fault and send a signal so that it is repaired. The workers, in turn, being informed daily about the conditions of the line, and in turn, they have the necessary skills and spare parts to carry out for the maintenance.

Another improvement brought by the IoT in transport concerns traffic. Thanks to the predictive technology, this allows better regulation of traffic flows in the streets. The challenge is to do a similar thing in the field of public transport, for example by monitoring the number of people present at bus stops. If at one stop there were too many people, a sensor system could monitor it, report it and maybe make sure that another carrier arrives to dispose of the queue. Finally, it could send a message to users to report it, directing them to less congested stations.

IoT in Transportation

According to a survey released by Statista, the manufacturing, transportation, logistics and accessories industries will invest $40 billion in IoT platforms, systems and services within two years. The Internet of Things will fundamentally change all industries, and the transportation industry is no exception, and it is increasingly dependent on technology. So what is the role of the Internet of Things in public transport industry?

Collect vehicle and analyze data using sensors – Equipping the vehicle with IoT sensors makes it easier to collect and analyze vehicle data than ever before. The data collected by the sensors enables the entire fleet to track, monitor, analyze and maintain in real-time.

Tyre manufacturer Continental recently launched a digital tire monitoring platform called ContiConnect, which consists of three parts, the first being a tire sensor mounted on the tire lining to measure tire pressure and temperature; the second part of the system It is a yard reading station, which is equivalent to a “gateway” installed on the company's premises for regular passage by commercial vehicles. For example, it can be installed in a car wash workshop, a gas station or a security checkpoint. The yard reading station is a tire sensor and the “bridge” between the mainland company software platforms, when the vehicle passes, can read the data on the sensor and send it to the background for analysis; the third part is the basic software, which includes the portal, the staff of the fleet operator. The portal can be used to monitor tires, for example, it displays the tire's history so they can perform retrospective analysis. Also, when a specific issue is discovered and maintenance is required, the system will send a notification to the fleet manager via email or SMS.

Transport of perishable goods – But the problem is not just tires, many of the goods transported in the transportation industry are perishable and/or ecologically sensitive, and such goods can be affected by high or low temperatures, vibration, shock, and humidity.

In the medical industry, vehicles carrying biological products and biopharmaceuticals must maintain a certain temperature during transport. When implementing an IoT application, drivers and operations managers receive a warning message if the temperature condition deviates from the set value, which prevents potential hazards and life-threatening consequences.

Compliance – More and more government regulations have an impact on the road transport industry. The Electronic Recording Device (ELD) policy came into effect at the end of 2017 and requires all car transport companies to install electronic equipment on their vehicles to automatically record the driver's working hours.

According to regulatory requirements, truck drivers can drive no more than 11 hours a day and must have a full 10-hour break. Before this policy came into effect, most drivers, if not all drivers, used manual logs to record their driving time. Some larger transportation companies now have ELDs installed in their vehicles, and at the same time, even some of the smaller transportation companies are compliant.

Reduce Waste – The Internet of Things has created the preconditions for optimizing the company's day-to-day business, enabling companies to improve delivery strategies, reduce transportation costs or reduce emissions. For example, if two drivers are departing from the same location and using different routes to the same destination, sensor data will be provided. Important insights, such as which driver gets the destination faster, pay less, and saves more fuel; like Upper Lakes Foods, optimization is the primary goal, enabling companies to streamline and standardize their delivery processes.

Avoid Downtime – Another key area for fleet operators is vehicle downtime, which is considered to be one of the expenditure items for truck repairs. If there is unplanned downtime, the cost will rise rapidly. IoT applications provide important information to fleet owners and help avoid future failures such as engine problems or at least identify them faster.

The road transport industry will benefit from IoT solutions, from temperature control and predictive downtime to the reduction of dangerous tires, and fleet owners and logistics coordinators will increasingly use this technology to provide customers with better service.

Future of the transport industry

In order to promote a sustainable future for the transportation industry, operators and agencies will need to start planning their future investments in a very smart way to maximize their ROI. Intelligent transport systems are going to be used more and more, and more and more applications are available. With the deployment of any networked system, security is essentially a prerequisite that ultimately becomes an absolute priority. 

The future of the transport industry is at least, bright, since IoT will allow the effective application of autonomous cars and trucks. With the huge volume of data generated, the artificial intelligence that governs these vehicles will work more efficiently. The day may come when traffic jams and traffic jams are a thing of the past thanks to the Internet of Things.

Conclusion

IoT has changed transportation or trucking industry quickly. Above are the reasons behind this connectivity enhancement and mobile technology as well. Today devices are being utilized by everybody that makes the work increasingly effective and do numerous fundamental jobs and significant tasks. IoT has made trucking and road safety system very simpler, even fleet management also has become quite organized and managed post involvement of IoT.

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