More and more entrepreneurs are turning to digital assets (websites, social media) for growth, and safety is a growing concern at all levels. Your business, just like your customers, is important to you; it is, therefore, imperative to take the necessary measures to secure these assets or secure the website.
Here are seven basic steps to follow to protect your website. Some of these steps will also help you protect your profiles in social media and email accounts. If you are not familiar with the technologies, have this article read to your site administrator, IT director, or IT / Web partner so that they can take necessary steps to secure the website
How to protect your website?
- Schedule backups at regular intervals – The first question most people ask about website backups is the frequency with which to do them. To answer this, you need to ask yourself: How often do I update my website? If it's daily, then you need to make a daily backup and keep at least copies of the last 30 days.
If your website configuration is complex, ideally ask an IT professional to take over the backups. For example, if you have multiple servers that host different functions, you will need to schedule separate backups for each one.
It is important to carefully follow your backup schedule to avoid interruptions, especially if you are using a shared website host. If you're using open-source technologies like WordPress, Drupal, Joomla, nopCommerce, ExpressionEngine, Magento, Zen Cart, PrestaShop or AspDotNetStorefront, to name a few, you risk being hacked. By performing regular backups, you make sure you can quickly troubleshoot any issues that may arise depending on the complexity of your website.
- Avoid weak usernames and passwords – Believe it or not, the use of weak usernames and passwords is commonplace, and it is the surest way to be spotted by scanners used by hackers to identify these types of security vulnerabilities. Be sure to choose a username that is not obvious and, in the case of passwords, avoid words from the dictionary or your name or that of your pet. Choose a combination of at least eight characters, consisting of uppercase / lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters. Tools like KeePass or LastPass can help you generate complex passwords and back them up - so you only have one username and one password instead of having to remember multiple complex passwords.
- Use CAPTCHA and spam filters – If your website is hosted on an open-source platform, it is likely that you will receive junk mail and strange comments from suspicious sources that have nothing to do with your site. To mitigate this problem, enable CAPTCHA on your forms to make sure they are people who fill them. In addition, most open source management systems offer plug-ins that filter spam. You will not eliminate this 100 %, but it is certainly a step in the right direction.
Have a firewall and adopt security measures to your platform – There are countless ways to protect your data, and security experts have created specialized tools that can help prevent violations. Start by activating Google Webmaster Tools on your website. Since Google is scanning your site to update its search index, it will show you any abnormal activity detected; and this tool is free. There are also a number of firewall expansions, install and configure for each open-source platform to add an extra level of protection. If you want to secure the website even more and do not have IT, specialists, in-house, you can ask specialized suppliers such as sucuri.net to fix some of the most common hacking issues.
- Regularly update your content management system/e-commerce and your plug-ins – Open source software has advantages and disadvantages that are important to know. Most open-source platforms rely on a community of developers to continue to improve and update the source code. Therefore, as soon as security vulnerabilities are identified, they are reported in blogs and open-source software developer’s forums across the Web. This means that hackers also have access to this information. If Content Management or E-commerce Management Systems your website is not updated quickly enough in the next month or, ideally, within two weeks of the release of this information, your risk being hacked is high.
Even if the updates have been made, it does not guarantee that you are safe from hackers if you use third-party plug-ins. That's why it's important that the person developing your site selects the plug-ins carefully to protect your website from attackers.
In addition, it is strongly recommended that you check your website and all installed plug-ins at regular intervals ideally every month to make sure everything works well after updating.
- Go for a two-step authentication process – A two-step authentication provides not only for password entry but also for another authentication method, such as sending a text to your phone to verify your account. Thus, even in the event of a security breach, you benefit yourself and protect your website from an extra level of protection.
- Enable HTTPS with an SSL certificate across your website – It is recommended that you encrypt your website and data from it by asking your site administrator or IT partner to install an SSL certificate. This is another layer of protection for your business and visitors or customers who use your site. This is also an advantage from Google's point of view. It is important to protect the digital assets of your business.
If you pursue these simple best practices you will secure the website. While these tips alone won't ensure that your site will never hacked, following them will stop the vast majority of automated attacks, lessening your overall risk procedure.
Monitoring these issues and understanding them will give you significant knowledge into how the underlying technology works. It will likewise make you a superior website admin/webpage administrator.