Quantum computing: A changing computing Landscape


The world of technology is expanding rapidly. Things that seem impossible until some time ago can be easily done with the help of technology today. At one time the development of computer revolutionized the technology sector. Now, Artificial Intelligence has given a new dimension to the use of computers and robots in every field from medicine to weapons. Parallel to this progress in the traditional computer world is another research going on, namely Quantum Computing. This computing, which works on the quantum theory of physics, is seeing immense possibilities. This can be a great option for anyone in terms of research. According to experts, a full-blown quantum computer will have more capacity than a supercomputer.

About Quantum Computing

Quantum computing is today considered as a very promising area, which can radically expand the capabilities of modern computers. The potential advantages of a quantum computer are explained by the peculiarity of the laws of the quantum world. This technology will help you find solutions to tasks that require excessively lengthy calculations from classic computers. Such tasks include, for example, cryptography, artificial intelligence systems, optimization of complex systems, comparison operations, etc. Problems for which mankind currently lacks computing power can be solved in the future using a quantum computer. Such capabilities of this technology are due to the fact that a quantum system can be simultaneously in different states. In this case, a response is possible only when measuring the system. To obtain with a high degree of probability the correct answer and it is necessary to carry out many measurements. 

Traditional computers operate on ‘bit’; the primary unit in a quantum computer is the 'cubit'. In traditional computers, every bit has a value of 0 (zero) or 1 (one). The computer understands every command in this zero and forest language and works accordingly. At the same time, a cubit i.e. quantum bit can store both zero and one simultaneously. This means that two qubits can hold four values simultaneously. This quality makes it special. By having four values simultaneously, its capacity and speed will be higher than traditional computers. The quantum computer is still at the concept level, but experts believe that it will be able to break all the encryption made from traditional computing in which data is stored. Quantum computing was accessible in many industries. The field of cryptography would dramatically change, encryption codes could be broken quickly and perhaps crushing Blockchain technology.  The fields of Chemistry, Medicine, and Pharmacology would shift to the next level with this dramatic leap in computing power--perhaps providing real solutions to climate change, food production, and drug discovery.

Beyond the pharmaceutical arena, the applications for quantum computing in infrastructure are innumerable. Quantum computers could be used to hyper-optimize logistics operations across modes of transportation, creating a more seamless flow of goods between maritime, rail, air and ground shipping. They could enable real-time, adaptive mass transit that responds to demand rather than following predetermined routes. They could be used to optimize air traffic routes on a national scale and eliminate air traffic control based delays. One day, a single quantum computer might even be capable of managing every aspect of a city’s transportation infrastructure, from autonomous vehicles to traffic lights to mass transit to flying taxis. This level of integration would create invaluable efficiencies and usher in an era of highly responsive transportation.


Ultimately, quantum computing promises to be a disruptive technology with such dramatic speed improvements that real tractable solutions to hard problems could be solved in hours and days. These same problems would take hundreds of years to solve on our best supercomputers, known as a classical computer, by brute-forcing their way searching through all possible solutions.


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