With the heavy dose of emerging technologies and innovations, 2018 was full of tremendous strides in the agriculture industry. And the year 2019 is going to be another year of progress and modernization. All thanks to the development of digital tools and online resources.
Today, with the rapid emergence of digitalization, farmers and manufacturers have their hands full of solutions to incorporate into their production process. Moreover, they have diverse digital technologies — from autonomous robots that pick fruit to subterranean farms, which can help them to transform the industry.
However, to sustain a world population expected to reach 10 billion by 2050, they must have something beyond these.
Five major Agritech trends which can help farmers to shake things up in the coming future are:
Robots can fix the shortage of human labors
Because of socio-economic and political issues, today, many developed countries are facing the problem of labor availability. With some 64,000 fruit pickers employed in the UK alone, many farmers are concerned about accessing this labor source following the UK’s exit from the European Union.
And it’s not just the UK, who is facing such a worse situation. With the US and Japan also, the circumstances are similar. They have farmers of an average age of 69 — more than retirement age. The labor shortage is the problem of the entire world. And the only solution is to implement Robots. In place of humans, robots can pick fruits and vegetables and can solve the global labor shortage completely.
Extensive use of autonomous tractors
According to a report published by Allied Market Research, the global autonomous tractor market size is projected to reach $4, 389.8 million by 2025 — growing at a CAGR of 24%. Such an extensive usage of driverless tractors is transforming the agriculture industry in large scale. Its ability to deliver a high tractive effort (or torque) at slow speed enables farmers to streamline the process of tillage and other agriculture tasks. Moreover, the use of GPS and other wireless technologies are helping farmers to cultivate the land without the need of a driver.
Use of Internet of Things and Blockchain
Blockchain technology and IoT solutions play a pivotal role in agricultural supply chains. From monitoring plant and soil conditions to use-by-dates in a consumer’s fridge, the interconnectivity of digital data will replace limited tracking metrics and provide a decentralized record of the entire journey.
Drone technology is adding extra value to the agriculture industry. From crop spraying to planting to health assessment, drone technology can help farmers to optimize inputs, react faster to threats, save time for crop surveying, real-time mapping, and assist in providing an estimate of yield. However, this is not the end!
It’s always more than one piece of technology
In the agriculture industry, one piece of technology is not the solution to all problems. Different technologies have different benefits: while autonomous tractors offer accuracy and precision but are slow-moving, robotics simplify human tasks but is limited to geographical areas. Hence, the convergence of all these technologies will lead to better production in the agriculture space and maintain the growing population in the future.
Agriculture will no longer reliant on applying water, fertilizers, and pesticides uniformly across entire fields. With the advancement in technologies and different strategies, now it’s the time for the agriculture industry to have its spin and grow exponentially in the future. Agribusiness leaders, government, and farmers are equally supportive and contributive, in this regard.