Technology

IBM’s Q system – World’s first commercial quantum computer

quantum computer

For many years, quantum computers have only been present in research laboratories. But this US multinational company IBM (International Business Machines Corporation) unveiled the IBM Q System One, presented as the very first quantum computer designed for use by companies. This is the first step towards a quantum revolution. The IBM Q System One has been commercialized and sits pretty in a nine-foot-tall airtight, glass container. Today, quantum computing is considered as one of the most promising technologies at the initial stage. Indeed, quantum computers can process more data exponentially, and could completely transform whole industries.

Quantum computers could potentially, for example, rationalize aerospace and military systems, calculate risk factors for better investments, or perhaps find a cure for cancer and other diseases. ”Data will be the most valuable natural resource in the world,” IBM Executive Director Virginia M. Rometty told the Las Vegas Consumer Electronics Show, where the IBM Q System One was unveiled.

Quantum computers are considered to be one of the most promising cutting-edge technologies today, because quantum computers can process more data than traditional computers and are expected to change in certain industries, for example, it can be used to simplify aerospace and military systems, and computationally complex Risk factors (such as predicting natural disasters such as earthquakes), or for medical help. Traditional computers store data in binary mode. Each bit has only one or one state at a particular time, but a quantum computer can make each bit both 0 and 1, which allows the quantum computer to complete the operation more quickly.

About Q system one – IBM’s first quantum computer

On the surface, IBM’s first quantum computer seems to be an inverted trash can similar to Apple's Mac Pro, but in fact, this is a quantum computer Q System One launched by IBM during the CES show, according to foreign media The Verge, Q System One It is "the world's first fully-integrated general-purpose quantum computer designed for scientific and commercial use" that can manipulate 20 qubits. 

Although in terms of quantum bit values, it is less than the quantum computers that other competitors have introduced - the quantum computer that Google introduced last March can manipulate 72 qubits. But according to IBM’s first quantum computer, Q System One is not only the first commercial quantum computer but also has other advantages.

The first is integration. In the past, quantum computers were basically placed in a large room. The complex power system and cooling system were all inside the room. The Q System One was different. It had a very high level of integration and it was placed in inside a 9-foot-high, 9-inch wide clear glass enclosure.

The second is stability. In fact, the difficulty of quantum computers is how to make them run stably. This "special" computer needs to operate in a specific low-temperature environment and is susceptible to temperature changes, electrical fluctuations or physical vibrations. To help decrease any influences of the outside world on the quantum computer, it sits in a series of independent aluminum and steel framed which help eliminate vibrational interference

In this regard, IBM stated that Q System One is designed to minimize interference from these factors. And Q System One is much faster than other competing products in resetting quantum computers. It takes days or even weeks to reset in the past, and it only takes hours or days on Q System One. To some extent, this is part of the design contribution. The Q System One is designed by the industrial design company Map Project Office. It has worked with companies such as Sonos, Honda, and Graphcore to launch many famous products.

Wrapping Up

Arvind Krishna, senior vice president, and research director at IBM Hybrid Cloud says, “When we are committed to developing quantum computers for business and scientific purposes, Q System One plays a vital role in bringing quantum computers out of research laboratories”

Although Q System One seems to be expensive, IBM does not intend to sell it at present but intends to provide computing services to potential customers based on IBM Cloud services.

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